Special IBD Diets

There are a number of diets that claim to have an impact on IBD, here are few of the most popular ones.

The Specific Carbohydrate Diet

The Specific Carbohydrate Diet includes a group of unprocessed foods that are free of grain. The diet was described in a 1994 book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle, by Elaine Gottschall. Many people find this diet overly restrictive. Others have found that they benefit from it.

Low FODMAP Diet

FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols. Oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharies, and polyolys are short-chain carbohydrates.

The FODMAP diet involves avoiding foods that contain these short-chain carbohydrates because the small intestine doesn’t absorb them very well. If they reach the colon, they can increase the amount of fluid in the stool and cause diarrhea. They also increase gas.

FODMAP eating doesn’t mean avoiding all the foods that contain the short-chain carbohydrates. It’s a more targeted approach that involves keeping track of the foods that cause symptoms and avoiding them.

Here are some of the foods to avoid if you are on a low FODMAP diet:

  • Fruit: Apples, apricots, pears, plums, watermelon
  • Vegetables: Asparagus, beans, garlic, leek, mushrooms, onions, shallots
  • Dairy: Milk, ice cream, cream, and some cheeses (ricotta, cottage, mascarpone)
  • Grains: Barley, rye, wheat, inulin
  • Other foods: Fruit juice, honey, soy milk, pistachios, cashews, and any food containing sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, or isomalt.

And here are some of the permitted foods if you are on a FODMAP diet:

  • Fruit: Bananas (small), blueberries, cantaloupe, grapefruit, grapes, honeydew.
  • Vegetables: Arugala, bok choy, bell peppers, butternut squash, celery, carrots, kale, parsnips, tomatoes
  • Dairy: Cheese (most varieties), milk substitutes (almond milk, rice milk, but not soy milk), yogurt
  • Grains: Products main from corn, oats, or rice; quinoa.
  • Other foods and drinks: most wine, beef, chicken, eggs, fish, peanut better, nuts (most varieties), seeds (pumpkin, sesame, sunflower, chia), maple syrup, aspartame (the artificial sweetener sold as Nutrasweet).

Ask our nutritionist for a guide that has the full list of FODMAP foods to enjoy and those that you should stay away from if you are following a FODMAP plan.

Elemental Diet

A liquid diet that consists of protein that has been broken down into amino acids along with sugar, fats, minerals, and vitamins.